Indian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15--19

Prevalence of various oculo-respiratory allergic conditions and their comorbid association: A cross-sectional observational study in children (6–18 years) from Jaipur


Pawan Kumar Dara1, Priyanka Kumari2, Harimohan Meena3, Bhagwan Sahai Sharma3 
1 Department of Pediatrics, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Pediatrics, S. M. S. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pawan Kumar Dara
D 141, Shastri Nagar, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
India

Context: There is very little literature available on prevalence of pediatric oculo-respiratory allergies. Aims: This study aims to study the prevalence and to determine the association of allergic rhinitis (AR), bronchial asthma (BA), and allergic conjunctivitis (AC) as comorbidities in children of Jaipur district. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional observation study was done among school going children (6–18 year) from 13 schools of urban and rural areas of Jaipur district chosen randomly. Subjects and Methods: This study included 5002 children out of them 61.04% were male. A predesigned validated questionnaire containing various questions pertaining to oculo-respiratory allergies were distributed. Students and parents filled questionnaire and labeled as BA, AR, or AC according to their answers. Statistical Analysis Used: Qualitative data were expressed in the form of percentage and proportion measured by Chi-square test. Quantitative data were expressed in mean and standard deviation scale measured by unpaired t-test. Results: In our study, population 1883 (37.64%) of children were suffering from one or more of the allergic morbidities. About 21.99%, 10.67%, and 16.04% of children were suffering from AR alone, BA alone, AC alone, respectively. Nearly 12.37% of children were suffering from both BA and AR, 8.71% of children were suffering from both BA and AC, and 12.48% of children were suffering from both AR + AC, 17.74% of children were suffering from all three (BA, AR, and AC). Conclusions: The study showed a high prevalence of children was suffering from one or more of the allergic diseases and there was a significant association between them.


How to cite this article:
Dara PK, Kumari P, Meena H, Sharma BS. Prevalence of various oculo-respiratory allergic conditions and their comorbid association: A cross-sectional observational study in children (6–18 years) from Jaipur.Indian J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2018;32:15-19


How to cite this URL:
Dara PK, Kumari P, Meena H, Sharma BS. Prevalence of various oculo-respiratory allergic conditions and their comorbid association: A cross-sectional observational study in children (6–18 years) from Jaipur. Indian J Allergy Asthma Immunol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Oct 17 ];32:15-19
Available from: http://www.ijaai.in/article.asp?issn=0972-6691;year=2018;volume=32;issue=1;spage=15;epage=19;aulast=Dara;type=0