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CASE REPORT
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 105-108

Churg-Strauss syndrome: A rare cause of pleural effusion


1 Department of Respiratory Medicine, Institute of Respiratory Diseases, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, SDMH, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Aashish Kumar Singh
A-13B, Ram Marg, Vijay Path, Tilak Nagar, Jaipur, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-6691.195270

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Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a rare, small-vessel vasculitis associated with a prominent allergic component, asthma, and blood or tissue eosinophilia. Granulomas, eosinophils, and palisading histiocytes in extravascular tissues are hallmarks of this disorder. The presence of asthma or allergy as well as more than 10% of eosinophils in blood is 95% sensitive and 99% specific, respectively, in distinguishing CSS among a subgroup of patients with well-documented systemic vasculitis. We present a case of pleural effusion which was finally diagnosed as CSS. Considering its rarity, this case is reported.


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